Inflation Rate (Monthly)



Period CPI Core Food
Apr 2020 12.34 9.98 15.03
Mar 2020 12.26 9.73 14.98
Feb 2020 12.20 9.43 14.90
Jan 2020 12.13 9.35 14.85
Dec 2019 11.98 9.33 14.67
Nov 2019 11.85 8.99 14.48




Insight

The Nigeria Consumer Price Index (CPI) which measures inflation, increased by 12.34% (year-on-year) in April 2020. This is 0.08% points higher than the rate recorded in March 2020 (12.26%).

Inflation rose by 12.34% in April, higher than the rate (12.26%) recorded in March 2020, and 12.20% in February 2020, rising for the eighth consecutive month and being the highest rate recorded since May 2018.

The composite food index rose by 15.03% in April 2020 compared to 14.98% in March 2020. The rise in the food index was caused by increases in prices of Bread and cereals, Fish, Oils and fats, Vegetables, Yam and other tubers.

The ''All items less farm produce'' or Core inflation, which excludes the prices of volatile agricultural produce rose by 0.25% to 9.98% in April 2020, from 9.73% recorded in March 2020.

The CPI takes into account the average change over time in the prices of goods and services consumed by people for day-to-day living.

Data Source: Nigeria Bureau Statistics

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